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考研英语_复试听力、口语的备考大攻略

2022-09-28信息举报

  很多考研的同学们经常在参加复试的时候不知道听力和口语要怎么进行下去,今天小编就来为大家说一下究竟考研复试要怎么进行备考。

  一、考研复试英语听力备考攻略

  复试中,考官对英语的听说能力考查较多,有时甚至会涉及一些专业性问题。导师也大都比较在意自己弟子的英语水平。

  (一) 考研复试英语听力题型

  虽然不同的学校考察的题型不同,但总的来说,考研复试英语听力题型可以分为两大类:

  1. 客观题

  若要细分,还可以将其分为:

  ①对话。这种对话通常比较短小,基本上就是两个人的简单对话,和四六级的听力差不多。这类题型较为简单。

  ②篇章理解。这个题材通常是传记、论述、人文或者是地理研究类的文章。

  ③听写,就是我们常说的dictation。英语专业的人都比较熟悉这部分,这是英语专业四级中必考的题型。通常是让你补全一段话中的空格,或者是听写全文。这个难度较大,平常需要认真复习。

  2. 主观题

  这里的主观题,其实就是我们在高中英语中常见到的一种题型:retell,先听录音或者是听导师读,然后将听到的内容进行大致上的含义复述即可。

  (二) 备考方法

  1. 多渠道获取复试信息

  尽管听力考试是复试中的必考科目之一,但是每个学校考察的方式可能略有不同。

  因此,各位考生应该通过各种渠道了解:目标院校往年的英语听力的考察难度、考察范围及常用材料,了解听力在整个复试中所占的分数权重,以及本专业对英语听力的要求程度等。

  英语听力部分,大多数学校都以现有的成型考试为参考。考生在复习时可以有针对性地做一些六级或托福听力或雅思听力或新闻英语听力的试题,找找做题的节奏和感觉。

  在了解相关信息之后,考生可结合自己的情况,制定出相应的备考计划,进行针对性训练。

  2. 精听和泛听相结合

  精听需要我们把每一个句乃至每一个单词都写出来。

  在写的过程中,考生可以很快发现自己在哪一方面需要加强训练,是在语音方面、语调方面、词汇方面,还是文化背景知识方面。泛听,是指考生听录音材料的时候,只需要将材料中的关键信息抓住,不必把听到的每一句都写出来。

  如果考生听力较弱,建议前期以精听训练为主。

  3. 遵循先听后看的训练方法

  考生一定要先听录音,把录音听2遍、3遍、甚至更多遍,直到听不出任何新的内容为止,再看录音文字材料。如果因为自己听不懂,就忙着看文字材料,就把听力训练变成了阅读训练。

  4. 边听边记、记忆关键词

  例如:数字信息、人物关系、人物身份、地点方向、态度方向、建议意见、弦外之音。

  5. 熟记逻辑关系词,把握语篇重点内容

  例如:表转折、递进、总结等逻辑关系的词。

  二、考研复试英语口语必备

  对口语的考查,首先应准备有关自我介绍的话题,要尽量达到流利的程度。

  另外要准备一些可谈论的话题,如风俗习惯、社会上发生的大事等等。最后,由于口语测试时老师有可能要求你就本专业展开话题,考查你用英语讲解陌生概念的能力,因此熟悉本专业常用的英语词汇,适当阅读最新的专业外文期刊是必要的。

  以下是考研复试面试经典60问,大家可以提前做好准备。

  What’s your name?

  Does your name have any special meaning?

  Where do you come from? / Where are you from?

  What kind of landscape surrounds your hometown?

  What is the climate like in your hometown?

  What is people’s favorite food in your region?

  What do you do during the Spring Festival?

  Can you describe one of the main festivals celebrated?

  Tell me something about the customs of your hometown.

  How long have you lived in XXX?

  What place in XXX do you like best? Why?

  Which is the best place you’ve been to China?

  What is the biggest problem you will face?

  Could you tell me something about your family?

  When will you get married?

  What social responsibilities should a post-graduate take?

  What difficulties do your parents have concerning their old age?

  Which kind of professor do you like best?

  What does friendship mean to you? What kind of people do you make friend with?

  What is your major?

  How do you like your major?

  When and where did you graduate? What qualifications have you obtained?

  What impressed you most when you were at university?

  What is the best university in your opinion?

  Could you sum up your own study habits in a few points?

  Do you think the subjects you are studying today are relevant to present-day society? Why?

  What do you do for a living?

  What are your job prospects?

  If you had the opportunity to change your subject, what would you do with it?

  What are your spare time interests?

  How do you spend your weekends?

  What is your favorite sport? What are the rules?

  What kind of films do you like best?

  What kind of music do you enjoy?

  Where have you been traveling to? Which place interested you most?

  Do you enjoy traveling? If yes, where and why?

  What kind of differences in the system of higher education between China and other countries?

  What problem do you think you will have in XXX?

  How will you overcome the difficulties?

  Do you think you will be able to cope with English-demands of your intended study program?

  What difficulties do you think you’ll encounter in your studies?

  What do you intend to study?

  Why did you choose our university?

  Would you want to be a volunteer during Olympic Games?

  If there were an opportunity of studying abroad, what would you do?

  Should you study more theory or do more practice? Give your reasons, please.

  What do you intend to do after you finish studying?

  What do you think of the future of China keeps an open policy?

  What do you regard as the most significant events in recent history?

  What aspect of English do you find the most difficult?

  How aware do you think people are nowadays about environmental issues?

  How serious is unemployment among young people?

  In your opinion, what are the most serious problems associated with modern life?

  What do you think have been the most important changes in your study field over the past 5 years?

  As there are more and more private cars, what do you think the government should do in order to encourage citizens to use public transport?

  How do you see yourself in ten years’ time?

  What business do you hope to have?

  What will you do if you cannot find a job after graduation?

  How do you afford your tuition?

  Does your family support your decision on studying? What help do they offer?

  三、其他事项

  (一) 考研复试注意事项

  1. 复试前要注意:认真准备复试。复试的主观性很强,心态要平和些。不要过于害怕,其实老师很平易近人的。

  跨专业考研的学生要做好受打击的心理准备,老师一般都会在专业问题上刁难你。

  2. 复试时要注意:一定要有礼貌,进去之后和出来之前一定向老师问好,千万不要跟老师争吵。

  遇到不会的题目不要说“我不会”,可以说一些与该问题相关的内容,要委婉一点!老师一般不会为难你的。气氛很重要,一定不要把气氛搞僵!

  3. 考研复试里最重要的是面试,占的比例相当大。

  同学们一定要重视复试机会,争取一次通过!


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